Click on each picture to access immediately all the information pertinent to each author.PLATO (428-347 B.C.)
The great philosopher Plato wrote of enormous broad and narrow subterranean tunnels within the earth in Phaedo Paras, 600-624
HOPI INDIANS (VIIIe century)
It seems that the Hopis came from the south around the 8th century to live in the actual Arizona.
Wikipedia - When first encountered by the Spanish in the 16th century, these cultures were referred to as Pueblo people because they lived in villages (pueblos in the Spanish language).
The Hopi are descended from the ancient Pueblo peoples (Hopi : Hisatsinom or Navajo : Anasazi) who constructed large apartment-house complexes in northeastern Arizona, northwestern New Mexico, and southwestern Colorado. They lived along the Mogollon Rim, especially from AD 1100s?1300s, when they abandoned their large villages. No researchers have been able to determine the reason, although it is likely that a drying of water sources would have forced the people away.
The Hopi Indians have legends telling how and where to access the hollow earth. They believe that our world is the Fourth world and that beneath lies three other world.
Bruce A. Walton has mentioned in his book [A guide to the inner earth (1983)], that a hole called SIPAPU is an entrance to the hopi underground.
- "It is a sacred place of pilgrimage for the Hopi, at the bottom of the canyon of the little Colorado above it's junction with the Colorado River"
MACUXI INDIANS (many centuries up to nowaday)
Click on the picture of the Macuxi indian to access the pdf file on : "Macuxi Indians cultural background concerning the hollow earth" "if you can not read a pdf file click on get Adobe Reader to download the latest version of Adobe reader"
The Macuxi Indians knew about the existence of the Hollow Earth nearly
one hundred years ago. But are their legends true or are they another
incredible story of folklore?
ATHANASIUS KIRCHER (1602-1680)
On a visit to Southern Italy in 1638, the ever-curious Kircher was lowered into the crater of Vesuvius, then on the brink of eruption, in order to examine its interior. He was also intrigued by the subterranean rumbling which he heard at the Strait of Messina. His geological and geographical investigations culminated in his [Mundus Subterraneus]of 1664, in which he suggested that the tides were caused by water moving to and from a subterranean ocean.
Click on the picture
Kircher was also puzzled by fossils. He understood that fossils were the remains of animals. He ascribed large bones to giant races of humans. Not all the objects which he was attempting to explain were in fact fossils, hence the diversity of explanations. He interpreted mountain ranges as the Earth's skeletal structures exposed by weathering.
Mundus Subterraneus includes several pages about the legendary island of Atlantis including a map with the Latin caption.
Click on the picture
- "Situs Insulae Atlantidis, a Mari olim absorpte ex mente Egyptiorum et Platonis descriptio."
translating as :
- "Site of the island of Atlantis, in the sea, from Egyptian sources and Plato's description."
Click on the book cover of Mundus Subterraneus
to access the entire book digitized images!
The most lavishly illustrated treatise on the earth in the 17th century (1665)
Dr EDMOND HALLEY (1656-1742)
Dr. Edmond Halley, believed that all heavenly bodies were hollow and he stated in the presence of the members of the Royal Society of London :
- "Beneath the crust of the Earth, which is 500 feet thick, is a hollow void".
He believed that the Earth interior was teeming with life and lit by a luminous atmosphere and though that the aurora borealis was the result of gas escaping through a thin crust at the poles...He became popular with the famous comet of Halley.
LEONHARD EULER (1707-1783)
Leonhard Euler is considered as one of the greatest mathematician of all time. He stated that:
- "mathematically the Earth has to be hollow" and that a centered sun provides daylight to a subterranean civilization.
JOHN CLEVES SYMMES (1779-1829)
On April 10, 1818, John Cleves Symmes, Jr. published a pamphlet and sent it to every college and scholar in America stating that the Earth was hollow and habitable within.
He went around the country selling his concept and stated:
- "I pledge my life in support of this truth, and am ready to explore the hollow, if the world will support and aid me in the undertaking."
- "I ask one hundred brave companions, well equiped, to start from siberia in the fall season, with Reindeer and slays, on the ice of the frozen sea: I engage we find warm and rich land, stocked with thrifty vegetables and animals if not men, on reaching one degree northward of latitude 62; we will return in the succeding spring."
James Mc Bride, an ohio millionaire, helped him to submit a proposal to the congress for a US government funded expedition into the earth`s interior. The proposal was submitted in 1823 and was voted down 56 to 46. A year later, in 1824, a rich doctor financed an unsuccessful expedition to the South Pole to find the Symmes Hole.
N. Reynolds (1799?1858), also known as J.N. Reynolds,
was an American newspaper editor, lecturer, explorer and author who
became an influential advocate for scientific expeditions. His
lectures on the possibility of a hollow earth appear to have
influenced Edgar Allan Poe's The Narrative of Arthur Gordon Pym of
Nantucket (1838) and his 1839 account of the whale Mocha Dick,
"Mocha Dick: Or the White Whale of the Pacific", influenced
Herman Melville's Moby-Dick (1851).
Born into poverty in Pennsylvania, he moved to Ohio as a child. In
his teenage years and early 20s, he taught school, saved his money
and attended Ohio University in Athens, Ohio for three years. He then
edited the Spectator newspaper in Wilmington, Ohio, but sold
his interest in it in about 1823.
The next year, Reynolds began a lecture tour with John Cleves
Symmes, Jr.. Reynolds had become a convert to Symmes' theory that the
earth is hollow. Symmes' idea was accepted as possible by some
respected scientists of the time. The two presented talks on the
subject. When Symmes died, Reynolds continued his lectures, which
were given to full houses in Eastern U.S. cities (with a charge of 50
cents for admission).
Over time, Reynolds became willing to accept the possibility that
the theory was wrong. In Philadelphia, Reynolds and Symmes parted.
Gaining the support of members of President John Quincy Adams'
cabinet, and speaking before Congress, Reynolds succeeded in fitting
out a national expedition to the South Pole. But Andrew Jackson
opposed the project, and after he became president it was squelched.
Reynolds garnered support from private sources and the expedition
sailed from New York City in 1829. With much danger, the expedition
reached the Antarctic shore and returned north, but at Valparaiso,
Chile, the crew mutinied and set Reynolds and another man on shore.
In 1832, the United States frigate "Potomac" under
Commodore John Downes arrived. The ship had been ordered to the coast
of Sumatra to avenge an attack on an American ship, "Friendship",
of Salem, Massachusetts and was returning home in what became a
circumnavigation of the globe. Reynolds joined Downes as his private
secretary for the trip and wrote a book about the experience.
EDWARD BULWER LYTTON (1803-1873)
Click on the picture of Edward Bulwer Lytton or on the link to access the pdf book : "The Coming Race"
Edward Bulwer-Lytton is the author of the novel The Coming Race
published in 1871.
Frederick Culmer son of a British Navy Captain, spent the first half of his life as a sailor, crossing the Atlantic twenty times. Strongly influenced by John C. Symmes and George Reynolds 1883 book "Are we from Israël?". He offered his own pseudo-scientific ideas in the book "The Inner World" released at Salt Lake City in 1886.
- "I am able to prove my theory that the Earth is not only hollow, but suitable in its interior to sustain human life with as little discomfort as on its exterior, and can be made accessible to mankind with one-fourth the outlay of money, time and life that it costs to build the subway in New York City. The number of people who can settle in this new world (if not already occupied) will be billions
WILLIAM FAIRFIELD WARREN(1833-1929)
Click on the picture of William Fairfield Warren to access the pdf book "Paradise Found."Wikipedia
William Fairfield Warrenwas the first
president of Boston university, Born in williamsburg Massachusetts,
he graduated from Wesleyan university Middletown Connecticut (1853),
and there became a member of the Mystical Seven. He later studied at
Andover theological Seminary and at Berlin and Halle. He entered the
New England Conference in 1855 and was professor of systematic
theology in the Methodist Episcopal Missionary Institute at Bremen,
Germany (1860?1866). He was acting president of the Boston
University School of Theology(1866?1873), president of Boston
University (1873?1903), and dean of the Boston University School of
Theology (1903?1911). After 1873 he was also professor of
comparative theology and philosophy of religion.
Warren wrote a book promoting his belief that the original centre
of mankind once sat at the North pole entitled Paradise Found - The
Cradle of the Human Race at the North Pole (1885). In this work
Warren placed Atlantis at the North Pole, as well as the Garden of
Eden, Mount Meru, Avalon and Hyperborea. Warren believed all these
mythical lands were folk memories of a former inhabited far northern
seat where man was originally created.
Warren's identification of Atlantis with the North Pole was
maintained by positioning Atlas in the far north by mapping out
ancient Greek cosmology. Warren equated the primordial Titan Atlas of
Greek mythology who supported the Heavens on his shoulders (or
supported the earth on a pillar) to the Atlas described in Plato's
dialogue Critias as the first ruler of Atlantis (Critias,
114a). In Warren's view, all the axis mundi or cosmic-axis of ancient
legends (Yggdrasil, Irminsul and Atlas' pillar) had to be in the far
north "at the top of the world":
...To locate these in right mutual relations, one must
begin by representing to himself the earth as a sphere or spheroid,
and as situated within, and concentric with, the starry sphere, each
having its axis perpendicular, and its north pole at the top. The
pole-star is thus in the true zenith, and the heavenly heights
centring about it are the abode of the supreme god or gods.
Warren noted how Homer, Virgil and Hesiod all placed Atlas or his
world pillar at the "ends of the earth", meaning in his
view the far northern arctic regions, while Euripides related Atlas
to the Pole Star. Therefore, in Warren's view Atlantis sat in the far
north, at the North Pole, since the Atlas in his ancient Greek
cosmological mapping stood in the far northern zenith, under the Pole
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, an Indian nationalist and historian, quotes
extensively from this book and presents his own studies of Vedas and
Persian Avesta in his book « The Arctic Homein the Vedas »
arguing for the presence of ancient humans in the Arctic.
WILLIAM RICHARD BRADSHAW (1851-1927) Click on the picture to access the pdf book "The Goddess of Atvatabar"
Richard Bradshaw was an Irish-born American author,
editor and lecturer, he is known best for his science -type novel The
Goddess of Atvatabar being the history of the discovery of the
interior world, and conquest of Atvatabar, an utopian hollow earth
novel using Symmesian geography from the ideas of John Cleves
Symmes , Jr. Entering the interior of the world via a Symmes
Hole, the protagonists from the world above find an advanced
civilization who use spiritual power to do everything from maintain
youth to resurrect the dead. In a civil war that erupts following the
Atvatabar Goddess's love for a surface man, Lexington White, the
ruling powers are overthrown and Lexington White becomes the new king
of Atvatabar, the Goddess his queen, and rich trade relations with
the surface are opened. It was published by J.F Douthitt in 1892, and
featured an introduction by Julian Hawthorne and illustrations by
Cyrus Durand Chapman.
MARSHALL B. GARDNER Click on the picture of Marshall B. Gardner to access the pdf book "A Journey to the Earth`s Interior." "if you can not read a pdf file, click here to download the latest version of Adobe reader."
Marshall B. Gardner wrote in 1920 A Journey to the Earth`s Interior
in which he adopted Symmes theory of openings at the poles.
He claimed that the Earth interior was lighted by a small sun about six hundred miles in diameter.
However, in 1926, Admiral Richard E. Byrd flew over the North Pole and in 1929 over the South Pole, both flight discredited his theory since Byrd did not find any holes (officially).
EDGAR RICE BURROUGHS (1875-1950)
Edgar Rice Burroughs wrote many novels set in the hollow earth such as At the Earth`s Core
written in 1914.
DR.RAYMOND BERNARD Walter Siegmeister (1901-1965)Click on the book to access the pdf book "The Hollow Earth."
Wikipedia : A book
allegedly by a "Dr. Raymond Bernard" which appeared in
1964, The Hollow Earth, exemplifies the idea of UFOs coming
from inside the earth. The book rehashes Reed and Gardner's ideas and
ignores Symmes. Bernard also adds his own ideas: the Ring Nebula
proves the existence of hollow worlds, as well as speculation on the
fate of Atlantisand the origin of flying saucers. Bernard argued that
the inhabitants of Atlantis took refuge in the Earth's interior
before the city was destroyed in great calamity. It was Atlanteans
who piloted the flying machines known in ancient India as vimanas and
in the modern world as flying saucers. After the US bombings of
Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Bernard claimed the Atlanteans became
concerned that radioactive air might flow into the world's interior,
and so some emerged in their flying saucers in an act of
self-defense. An article by Martin Gardner revealed that Dr. Walter
Siegmeister used the pseudonym `Bernard', but not until the
publishing of Walter Kafton-Minkel's Subterranean Worlds: 100,000
years of dragons, dwarves, the dead, lost races & UFOs from
inside the Earth, in 1989, did the full story of
Bernard/Siegmeister become well known.
Revealed! The Underground World of Supermen Discovered Under the North
Pole! Can you explain the following? Why does one find tropical seeds,
plants and trees floating in the fresh water of icebergs? Why do
millions of tropical birds and animals go farther north in the
wintertime? If it is not hollow and warm inside the Earth at the Poles,
then why does colored pollen color the Earth for thousands of miles? Why
is it warmer at the Poles than 600 to 1000 miles away from them? Why
does the north wind in the Arctic get warmer as one sails north beyond
70° latitude? On top of all of, Admiral Byrd supposed made several
journeys inside the earth by traveling through the holes in the poles.
Could there be anything to Bernard s bizarre claims?
JAN LAMPRECHT Click on the picture of Jan Lamprecht to access the pdf book "hollow planets" "if you can not read a pdf file, click on the Adobe Reader logo to download the latest version of Adobe reader."
He was a consultant in the computer industry in
Johannesburg, South Africa. Some years ago Jan Lamprecht became interested in a very
strange old scientific idea first proposed by Sir Edmund Halley - the
Hollow Earth Theory. he was fascinated by this bizarre old idea
and read through various literature regarding it - most of it being rubbish.
Nevertheless, there was a certain underlying logic to it all, and it was
this which he sets out to explore. he decided to do his own feasibility study of
this old idea using modern-day science as his basis. Is it possible that
planets could be hollow and that scientists might have somehow missed it?
This was a question he posed himself. His 5 year obsession with this idea
resulted in him writing a book of almost 600 pages examining every
aspect of science imaginable and seeing if any of this might mean that the
planets of our Solar System are hollow.
Jan Lamprecht interviewed a large number of scientists from many fields and consulted
many authoritative journals such as Nature, Journal of
Geophysical Research, The Strolling Astronomer, Science, Discovery, New Scientist,
Eos, Science News, etc...
ollow Planets "a feasibility study of possible hollow worlds"
is an in-depht review of many papers from science journals of the highest reputation. Hollow Planets contains interviews with many top scientists in fields as diverse as seismology and astronomy. The results of this study are overwhelming! It questions our understanding of our solar system such as :
"Are we living in a solar system composed of hollow planets?"
This book may well be the first scholarly and scientific investigation into a factual basis concerning the concept of hollow planets which were previously analysed by several writers often with a lack of scientific evidence but rather based on observation from great explorers and self interpretations of the authors.
This reference book has not only caught the attention of scientists around the world but media stars such as Jeff Rense of Sighting and coast to coast AM's Art Bell...Has everything we have been and are still taught completely wrong?